A new report shows that Norway has risen to the top of the podium and is number three in the world measured in research production in terms of population.
New figures show that Norway ranks third in the world in per capita scientific publishing Indicator Report presented by the Research Council on Friday.
Norway has 2.67 contributing articles per 1000 inhabitants, and according to the report, we are among the countries with the highest research density. In 2021, we ended up in third place globally, after Switzerland (2.94) and Denmark (2.93).
Large research countries such as the USA, Great Britain and Germany have much lower publication volumes compared to their populations than Norway.
satisfied with the platform
Mary Sundley Tveit, executive director of the Research Council, identified third place as one of the good news in this year’s report. Norway takes the step from fourth place in 2020 and on the podium in 2021.
“It’s a bronze medal just like gold,” she said while presenting the index report.
In 2020, by comparison, Norway had 2.77 article contributions per 1,000 inhabitants and was behind Switzerland, Denmark and Australia. For many years, Norway ranked high Rank high in this scaleusually among the top five.
Norwegian researchers published a total of 21,464 scientific articles in 2021.
China is moving forward
In 2019, China overtook the United States in publication volume and has since continued to cement its position as the world’s largest research country, according to the Index report.
In 2021, Chinese researchers accounted for 18.3 percent of the world’s scientific knowledge production, while the US equivalent was 15.7 percent.
In the years 2017-2021, China’s share of world scientific output increased by 5.1 percent, which the report highlights as particularly noteworthy.
Several countries in the Middle East and Asia have also seen significant growth, and this applies to India, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Egypt and Turkey.
For Saudi Arabia, the growth is likely related to the fact that the country has made significant investments in universities and research laboratories in recent years, it is indicated.
Share the stable world
Norway’s share of world production has remained fairly stable and reached 0.54 percent in 2021.
In this country, there is a strong specialization in earth sciences and biology, in particular, the number of publications in earth sciences has increased sharply. According to the report, this is partly related to Norway’s rise as an oil country, but later also to investment in climate research.
Norway also has a lot of research, measured in relative publication volume, in social sciences, psychology and health sciences.
Singapore at the height of quotation
Singapore ranks first in the list of citations in the world, as measured by the calculated relative citation index for articles published in 2019-20. This indicator is an expression of the average number of citations per publication and says something about the scientific impact.
According to this method, Norway can count on a citation index of 120, which means that Norwegian articles from this period are cited 20 percent more than the world average.
By comparison, articles from Singapore were cited 59 percent more than the average, while articles from Australia were cited 39 percent more than the world average.
Norway’s citation index is in line with Finland (119) and Sweden (122), but lower than the Netherlands (134) and Denmark (126).
According to the report, the United States and China are quite similar with a citation index of 130.
However, an analysis that Gronow reported in September showed that China has overtaken the United States in terms of citations as well. According to a National Institute for Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) analysis in Japan, which was discussed by Science magazine, China accounted for 27.2 percent of the most cited articles in the years 2018-2020, compared to 24.9 percent for the United States. . Then followed by the United Kingdom with 5.5 per cent.
The share of GDP is declining
As Khrono mentioned earlier this week Research and development (R&D) spending in Norway as a share of GDP declined from 2.28 percent in 2020 to 1.97 percent in 2021, which can be partially explained by the sharp increase in GDP.
The government’s long-term plan For research and higher education, set a goal that total spending on research and development should be 3 percent of GDP.
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