The Energy Commission got a lot of attention when they presented their report in which they practically said you had to build a lot of everything, much faster than they did today.
Read also: The Energy Authority presents its report
On that committee he was no Representatives such as Statnett, NVE and Statkraft were invited.
Now the state’s own regulatory authority, the NVE, has submitted its advisory response, and director Kjetil Lund is very critical of much of what is being presented.
– Unrealistic with 40 TWh
Perhaps the most important goal of the committee is to achieve a full 40 TWh of new energy production by 2030. In addition, they want to significantly reduce processing time.
Also read: We can get much cheaper electricity – these extreme measures are necessary
NVE explicitly says that the goals put forward by the Energy Commission are very optimistic, and that they may not have understood the numbers they used to reach their conclusions.
– NVE believes that the Energy Authority indicates several correct and important actions to secure and improve energy and energy balance in the long term. However, NVE believes it is not realistic to develop 40 TWh of renewable energy production from hydroelectric, wind, offshore wind and solar power by 2030, NVE writes as the first point on the first page of its advisory response.
They write that the commission may have assumed that there were requests up to twice as much electricity production than the real thing:
– The Energy Commission wrote that the authorities have about 25 TWh of new generation to consider. Many of these projects will not materialize. NVE would like to clarify that this figure is based on many projects that are on NVE systems, but are not active on the developer side. What NVE considers active projects amounts to approximately 13-14TWh. A large part of this is large wind power projects where a high level of conflict is expected, according to the letter signed by Kjetil Lund.
They also noted that many projects depend on the development of a new network, which in itself takes many years.
Therefore, it is limited to the extent to which the energy production currently under study contributes to reaching the goal of producing 40 TWh of new energy by 2030.
Nothing can achieve goals
In its response to the advisory, NVE systematically goes through the different energy sources we have.
Water power: “The ambition to increase hydropower production by 5-10 TWh by 2030 requires that NVE receive many applications for large new hydropower in the near future. NVE believes that it is uncertain to what extent a large proportion of hydropower projects can be achieved We currently have to process the license.”
On top of all that, NVE says EU requirements mean it is He should Reducing production at some of the existing hydroelectric power plants.
Onshore wind power“Based on the number of new onshore wind projects in the notification and implementation phase as of today, NVE believes it is unlikely to achieve the Energy Commission’s ambition of increasing production of 5-10 TWh of onshore wind capacity in 2030.”
sea wind: The NVE is always more negative about offshore wind than both the government and the Energy Commission do:
“Both of them The need for land, feasibility, economic realism, impacts on the power system and the need for networksNVE will note that the approved ambition to build 30 gigawatts of offshore wind by 2040 is very ambitious. NVE considers the committee’s proposed target of producing more than 5 TWh of offshore wind by 2030 ambitious.
It will require broad financial support
NVE believes that “the large amounts of offshore wind in Norway mean a gradient of large amounts of unregulated energy in the Norwegian energy system. This is a restructuring of the power system, and its effect is unknown. “
They cited in particular the challenge of “balancing the energy system and maintaining adequate security of supply”. This has clear implications going back to last year’s joint alert report from NVE and Statnett:
Also read: Shock report from NVE and Statnett: We may be short on electricity when we need it most
The main problem is what to do when it’s not windy. In practice, offshore wind relies on a back-up solution.
Then this happened with the price:
“Currently, offshore wind is not profitable either, and a major development will require extensive financial support from the authorities.”
The government has decided to spend NOK 15 billion on subsidies for Norway’s first offshore wind power project. according to europower Fornybar Norge believes that the state provides too low subsidies.
Also read: Offshore wind should be profitable: now the state will pay tens of billions in subsidies
Not particularly positive about solar energy either
Estimates of solar energy potential are in many ways the least of what NVE is negative about, but here, too, NVE doesn’t think things will go as smoothly as the committee assumes. They like to develop in buildings, but they believe that the commission’s goals will require a lot of facilities installed on the ground.
The main problem is that solar energy can lead to expensive investments in the grid, while ground-mounted solutions have an environmental aspect:
– We see that many people want to build ground-mounted solar power plants in forest landscapes. Building solar plants in forests can involve higher costs and a higher level of conflict. It is important that solar power plants are built and operated in a way that does not lead to unnecessarily large investments in the grid, and that regulations ensure that those who take measures adapt the solar power plant to what is economically profitable, NVE reports.
While the Energy Commission wants to reduce processing time significantly, the NVE believes stricter regulations are needed.
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