The Glasgow Climate Summit concluded with agreement, after India and China finally made important changes. Historic, says Friedrich Hauge of Bellona. “Blah, blah, blah,” Greta Thunberg wrote.
Summit leader Alok Sharma shed tears as he presented the text of the final agreement at the Climate Summit.
In the end, changes were adopted that weakened the climate goal, by changing the goal “get rid of” coal “cut-down” Fossil fuels.
In recent dramatic negotiations, India, backed by China, was able to push the US and the EU away from further offensive efforts. But then they got so far in the negotiations that a revised text of the agreement was agreed upon.
– Heading toward agreement now, the word “get rid of” It is now suggested to replace it with “gradual reduction” from coal. Otherwise, the language consists of phasing out subsidies for fossils. Like many other countries, we preferred the original script, but we think all is so good that we vote for what is all in a very progressive agreement, Climate and Environment Minister Espin Barth Eide wrote to VG.
Eddy added that the entire Norwegian delegation was very happy. Norway was one of the countries to have Article 6, which finally provides for the agreement from the Paris Agreement.
“I am very happy that on the Norwegian side we can contribute to finding a solid solution to this, which will ensure that we now finally have a waterproofing regulation to reduce emissions,” Eddy wrote to VG.
1 of 5Photo: YVES HERMAN / X00380
India demanded a change
In other words, it was India that demanded that the wording in the final declaration be removed from the “phasing out” of coal power, and instead moved on to “phasing out”. China was also an important driver for this.
Indian Environment Minister Bhubandar Yadav’s proposal suggests that limiting the use of coal and fossil fuels should include reservations that local conditions should be taken into account and that there should be certain exceptions for developing countries.
India is also demanding that developing countries be given guarantees to finance development to build greener energy.
Bellona Haug: – Historic
Friedrich Hauge, Bellona’s captain, told VG that it was nerve-wracking to pursue the enemy.
This is historical, and much better than feared. Hauge tells VG I was curious for a while not to agree.
Hauge believes that the difference between the uses of charcoal to “step down” and “phase out” isn’t much at all.
– The important thing is that this is included, because this was never mentioned before.
– What do you think of India, with the support of China, to bring about changes in the rear?
It was shocking to see the blackmail of India and China. I do not think so. But the end result is the most important thing.
The world’s most famous climate activist, Swedish Greta Thunberg, was unaffected:
– #COP26 has ended. Here is a brief summary: blah. so and so. But the real work continues outside these halls. We will never give up, Thunberg wrote.
Summit leader Alok Sharma said earlier on Saturday night that Climate Summit was in a “moment of truth”.
It was intense that gave Barth Eide VG an insight into the phone from Glasgow, during a break earlier Saturday night.
“Right behind me here is US climate envoy John Kerry in intense discussions with the Indian delegation, while his aid, Sue Benyas, is trying to persuade the Chinese delegation,” says Barth Eddy.
The Norwegian Minister also takes on the task of being a VG photographer and capturing the historical moment with his mobile phone.
– The Norwegian minister explained that India, China and some oil and coal-producing countries such as Iran, Venezuela and South Africa, have expressed doubts.
Climate Summit: – No agreement is better than a weak agreement
This was the opposition of China and India
This happened during very dramatic negotiations:
Both China and India have expressed skepticism about formulations to phase out fossil fuel and coal subsidies.
India’s environment minister has said the country is not satisfied with the draft final declaration at the Glasgow Climate Summit.
“Developing countries deserve their fair share of the global carbon dioxide budget,” Bhubandar Yadav said in Glasgow on Saturday.
He stated that other parts of the world have had significant greenhouse gas emissions for many years. According to Yadav, it is the unsustainable lifestyle and consumption in rich countries that have caused global warming.
The Chinese negotiator, Zhao Yingmin, warned the other delegates at the meeting. He said China is ready to work with all parties to propose “constructive ideas” for a final declaration. But he also added:
“At the moment, the script is not complete, but we have no intention of reopening,” Yingmin said.
He added that China believed that “minor changes” should be made.
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– There is a very large majority of those who took the floor to say that they would support the project. Many say they have given up on some points. Barth Eddy says everyone received something, but no one got everything.
But isn’t it easy to understand India’s arguments that developing countries should have somewhat higher emissions in order to catch up with us?
The argument that you have to release more before you can release less is no longer outstanding, it has already been abandoned under the Paris Agreement. But developing countries must be confident that they will receive technological assistance to develop fossil-free alternatives, such as solar power.
Barth Eide took advantage of a hiatus in negotiations on Saturday night to speak directly with India’s environment minister in an effort to persuade him.
– I told him that I would not interpret the statement on the phasing out of coal subsidies and excavations so that everything must be changed at once, because we understand that it is not so simple for them, says Barth Eddy.
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