The partnership bears the name Aukus and allows the three countries to share technology that covers, among other things, network security, artificial intelligence, underwater systems, and long-range attack capabilities.
This was announced by US President Joe Biden, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison in a video conference on Wednesday evening, Norwegian time.
“Today, our countries are entering into the next generation partnership by building on a strong foundation of unwavering trust,” Morrison said.
We have always seen the world through the same lens. We have always believed in a world that promotes freedom and respects human dignity, the rule of law, the independence of independent states and the peaceful coexistence of states, he said.
China can raise
The new alliance reflects a major trend in which important European partners are playing a role in the Indo-Pacific region.
We need to be able to look both at the current strategic picture in the region and how it might evolve, Biden said.
Johnson said the alliance would enable the three English-speaking democracies to strengthen their ties and focus on what he described as an increasingly complex part of the world.
Before the agreement was reached, a senior Biden administration official tried to temper the idea that the alliance was intended to act as a deterrent to China in the region. He said the coalition does not target any country alone.
China is likely to view the cooperation agreement between the United States, Britain and Australia as a provocation.
Nuclear powered submarines
As part of the partnership, Australia will gain access to nuclear submarine technology.
“We plan to build these nuclear submarines in Adelaide, Australia, in close cooperation with the United States and the United Kingdom,” Morrison said.
The commanders stated that nuclear submarines were not intended to equip them with nuclear weapons.
Johnson emphasized that the submarines would operate with nuclear reactors, and not be equipped with nuclear weapons, who said that the agreement aims to ensure safety and stability in the Indo-Pacific region, as well as create job opportunities in the United Kingdom.
The agreement did not go well in France. France’s Naval Group previously negotiated an agreement worth about NOK 314 billion to sell twelve conventional submarines to Australia.
– Australia did not want to move to the next phase of the program, which is a huge disappointment for the Naval Group, which provided Australia with higher-performance conventional submarines, the company told AFP.
Naval Group’s agreement with Australia was several years late. The project went over budget and became a topic in Australian local politics.
In June, French President Emmanuel Macron promised full compliance with the agreement. But a senior Australian official said at the time that Australia was considering alternatives.
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