2.5 years have passed since the coronavirus was first discovered, and with it the whole world turned upside down.
Since then, 600 million people have been infected worldwide, and more than 6 million have died from the virus.
Covid-19 affects different people in different ways. Most people with mild to moderate disease develop a rapid recovery. Others develop a more serious disease course or struggle with the long-term coronavirus, that is, late effects after a viral infection.
He now writes that a new study has shed new light on the long-term aspects of the virus Washington Post.
risk of brain disease
Over the course of two years, researchers at Oxford University analyzed the occurrence of 14 different neuropsychiatric diagnoses from patient records of people with corona, compared to patient records for people with other respiratory diseases.
The analysis shows that the risk of developing many common neurological disorders returns to normal after a few months of infection, but that there is an increased risk of developing dementia, epilepsy, psychosis and brain fog for a full two years after infection with Corona disease. It distinguishes the virus from other respiratory diseases.
The study, which was published in Lance Psychiatry earlier this week, is based on data collected from 1.3 million people around the world. Among them, 185 thousand children and 242 thousand elderly people. Researchers have found that the risk of neurological disorders varies across age groups:
- People aged 65 or older are at greater risk of developing brain fog, dementia and psychosis after infection with the coronavirus, compared to people with other respiratory infections.
- Adults between the ages of 18 and 64 are more exposed to brain fog and muscle disease after infection with corona, compared to people with other respiratory infections.
- In adults, the risk of depression or anxiety increased after Covid-19, but returned to normal as with other respiratory infections within two months.
- Children are more susceptible to mental disorders after infection with corona compared to children with other respiratory infections. However, it has been emphasized that this applies to a much lesser degree than in adults.
The researchers also found that people with delta and omicron are more often affected by neuropsychiatric disorders.
– It will happen for a long time
Director of Rehabilitation at Mount Sinai Health System in New York, David Putrino, has been researching the long-term effects of the coronavirus since the beginning of the pandemic.
He thinks the results of the latest Oxford study are “extremely concerning”.
However, Oxford professor of psychiatry and lead author of the study, Paul Harrison, stresses that the pandemic has been a stressor for many, and therefore the results should be viewed in the context of the general health problems many experienced during this period.
– The findings have important implications for patients and health care services, as they indicate that new cases of neurological conditions associated with corona infection are likely to occur long after the epidemic has subsided, he says and continues:
The work also emphasized the need for more research to understand why this happens after corona infection and what we can do to treat it.
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