Tel El-Hamam is located in Jordan, north of the Dead Sea.
In the Middle Bronze Age, about 4,000 years ago, it was one of the largest cities in the Middle East.
Within the city walls, the city covered an area of 350 acres. It made the city about ten times the size of Jerusalem at the same time.
Engraved for 16 years
In 2005, a group of researchers began excavating the ruins of the ancient city, they wrote temper nature.
Among other things, archaeologists found a 1.5-meter-thick layer of coal and ash covering the entire urban area.
They write that they found evidence that the city was destroyed around 1650 BC – more than 3,650 years ago.
According to the researchers, the devastation occurred when an asteroid exploded four kilometers above the city.
The explosion led to temperatures of more than 2,000 degrees, powerful fires and storms more powerful than the worst hurricanes we know.
1000 times Hiroshima
Scientists estimate that the explosion was a thousand times more powerful than the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima in 1945.
They base the accounts, among other things, on discoveries of molten iron and other geological objects.
It is said that Tal al-Hammam had about 8000 inhabitants when it was destroyed. Archaeologists have found ten skeletons, but they estimate that all the inhabitants were killed in the explosion.
It is already known that asteroids can cause massive destruction when they explode above Earth.
Recently three years ago asteroid dawn Off the east coast of Russia. It had an explosive power ten times Hiroshima.
In 2013, 1,400 people were injured when a meteor exploded over Chelyabinsk in Russia.
Scholars point to a debate about whether Tell el-Hammam could have been the Old Testament city of Sodom in the Bible.
Genesis describes how God drowned Sodom in “brimstone and fire.” The reason must be atheism and endless sin
The description of “sulfur and fire” fits well with the residents’ experience of the destruction of Tel al-Hammam.
In an article in the journal Nature, the researchers wrote that the question of Tell El-Hammam is Sodom beyond what they are writing about.
They also add that the description in Genesis fits perfectly with what is now known about the destruction of Tell al-Hammam.
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