2022 is the hottest year in Europe:

2022 is the hottest year in Europe:

There will certainly be higher temperatures in the coming years. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increasing, and the temperature in Europe will get more and more hot until we have an emissions-free society, Cicero senior researcher Benjamin Sanderson tells Dagbladet.

He thinks it’s not very surprising that Europe has experienced warmer temperatures this fall, given the evolving climate change.

Constantly new temperature records

We will not have the long cold periods we have had in the past, but we will have the very hot periods that come more often. We see this in the climate records, where new heat records are recorded more frequently than cold records, Sanderson says.

– 2022 is already the hottest year on record, said meteorologist Frederic Nathan at Meteo France, adding that although the Indian summer was not unusual, the degree of warming has reached record levels in recent years.

In large parts of Europe it still feels like late summer, and recently it has been over 30 degrees in several places. This last warm period follows a number of other records set during the spring and summer.

Swimming season: It is entirely possible to swim in the Mediterranean this year in November. The temperature outside Nice in France was around 20 degrees a few days ago. Photo: AP/NTB.
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And temperatures in several places in Europe were between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius, and record high temperatures were recorded in several places:

*25 degrees were measured in Switzerland, a record late in the year. The same was the case in Slovenia where the temperature was 26 degrees on October 30th. This was the case in several places in Germany.

* In Lomnè, France, a new record was set on October 29 with 33.3°C. In Belgium, a score of 25 was recorded.

* On October 30, a tropical night above 1,000 meters was recorded in Austria. The temperature did not fall below 20.4 degrees.

* In Spain, temperatures of 35°C were recorded in several places on 27 October. On October 18, a record high of 35.8 degrees was measured.

Source: Meteorological Institute

Source: Meteorological Institute
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Frederic Nathan of Meteo France says that 2022 is indeed the warmest year on record.

– Every year you see dozens of heat records and almost no cold records. Nathan adds that this is a typical sign of climate change Reuters news agency.

The shower temperature on the French Riviera is still 20-21 degrees in several places as we write November 1st.

“I haven’t yet turned on any heating in my apartment,” Rose Marie Martini told Reuters when they met her on the beach outside Nice.

While October was generally warm in Europe, the heat wave in late autumn has peaked in recent weeks. Record high temperatures, with temperatures 20 degrees above normal, stretched from Scandinavia through central and western Europe and south into northern Africa.

Saturday was the hottest day ever after October 20 in France, Etienne Kapikian’s books On Twitter, a meteorologist at the country’s meteorological agency, Meteo France.

destructive: Several million people have been forced to evacuate their homes as a result of the floods and monsoon rains in Pakistan. This video shows the destruction before and after. Reporter: Björg Dahle Johansen. Video: Cameron
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We never noticed such heat in Europe late this year, he writes.

It looks like the heat will continue for some time to come, especially in Eastern Europe with more records likely to fall in the coming days. Aside from the brief cooling in the first week of November, there is little change to the larger weather pattern ahead. He writes that warmer-than-normal conditions should persist for a while in large parts of Europe Washington Post.

Chord in Scandinavia

In the northern part of Europe, you can also notice that there are tendencies to become wetter. When it comes to precipitation, it is more difficult to calculate, and the lead researcher believes that to get a clear picture of drought, meteorological data must be simulated many times to find the answers.

Flood: More than 1,000 people died and several million were displaced as a result of the monsoon rains that caused massive floods in Pakistan. Reporter: Björg Dahle Johansen. Video: AP
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We should expect climate change to also affect both heavy rainfall and drought. In the northern part of Europe, models generally agree that the future will be wetter on average, and we should expect more intense rain in a warmer climate, Sanderson says.

When it comes to dehydration, several factors come into play, says the lead researcher. Models suggest that extreme heat tends to lead to the same extreme drought that we saw in Central Europe this year.

More simulations are required

– I think we must be prepared for weather conditions outside the historical framework. It is difficult to predict how the risks of droughts and floods will develop, because this depends on a number of factors – the climate, but also on how the Earth’s surface interacts, and human factors such as land use and water management. I think we have to expect the unexpected, Sanderson tells Dagbladet.

Hottest summer in history

Europe has always been marked by unusual temperatures since early spring.

According to the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service, last summer was the warmest on record on the continent, exceeding the value set in 2021 by 0.4 degrees. Heat waves were common all summer long in Europe and eastward to China and other parts of Asia.

Heat waves are increasing in frequency, duration, intensity and magnitude and are expected to get worse in a warming world.

– I think we must be prepared for weather conditions outside the historical framework. It is difficult to predict how the risks of droughts and floods will develop, because this depends on a number of factors – the climate, but also on how the Earth’s surface interacts, and human factors such as land use and water management. I think we have to expect the unexpected, Sanderson tells Dagbladet.

The international community has set a target of global warming not exceeding 2 degrees – preferably 1.5 degrees.

But countries’ national emissions targets are not enough to reach temperature targets, global warming is likely to become significantly stronger, even if countries curb emissions as promised, according to a new report from the United Nations Climate Agreement (UNFCCC).

“We remain nowhere near the scale and pace of emissions reductions that would put us on a path toward a 1.5-degree world,” the head of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Simon Steele, says in a statement.

2.5 degrees probably

In the new UN report, updated national emissions pledges are included in the new calculations of increasing global temperatures.

If all countries cut or reduce emissions as they now promise, warming is likely to be between 2.1 and 2.9 degrees in 2100. A number of uncertain factors come into play, but the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change believes 2.5 degrees is most likely. outcome.

There are also high temperatures in Norway. October was warm in most parts of the country, and very warm in parts of Agder, Rogaland, Trøndelag and Nordland, the Meteorological Institute reports.

Source: Meteorologists.

Source: Meteorologists.
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For the country as a whole, the month ended 1.6 degrees above normal, which makes it the 14th warmest October since measurements began in 1900. Several stations in Rogaland, Agder, Vestfold and Telemark ended up with temperatures 2-3 degrees above normal for October.

Central Europe experienced constant high pressure which resulted in dry weather and temperatures much higher than normal for that time of year. In Norway, we had typical autumnal weather, with many low pressures coming from the west. It was mild at times, but also a lot of rain and humid air, which is typical in October, says meteorologist Christian Jeslevs.

He notes that the month saw a variety of weather in Norway.

Snow visited several places in the north, while southern Norway had several warm days and a few frosty nights, says Gizelfoss.

The highest temperature ever measured in Norway in October was 18.6 degrees at Tingvoll in Møre and Romsdal on October 1, and the same temperature was measured on October 2 at Landvik in Agder.

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Jabori Obasanjo

Jabori Obasanjo

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