Chrono numbers have Obtained from the Higher Education Statistics Database/NSD It shows that men provide more publication points per professional employee than women, and that in the 2017-2021 period there was no change in the skewed distribution in the publication pattern.
Women give birth on average 55 percent of what men do.
- counter edges It is the common term for systems for recording and measuring search results, especially publications, and for financial reward systems based on these.
- Count edges It documents scholarly production, and it is an incentive system that encourages researchers to increase publication, especially publishing in more popular channels.
Source: Research Ethics Committee
Both men and women published more in 2021 than they did in 2017, but the gap between women and men is just as large.
In 2017, women submitted an average of 0.81 publication points, and men 1.45. In the same year, women made up 47.7 percent of the technical staff.
In 2021, the figures were 0.93 deployment points per female employee, 1.63 per male, and women hardly became the majority among technical staff, at 50.07 percent of technical staff.
The research project has begun
Chrono also discussed those numbers in 2018. At the time, Publication Committee Chair Anne-Christine Bursen said she would investigate how the committee would investigate Chrono’s findings.
Børresen says today they have started Research project Led by Dag Aksnes at Nifu, the results will be published in spring 2022.
Among the points highlighted by the NIFU researchers is that there is a strong predominance of men among the professors, while there is a gender balance at the lower levels.
And they add that at the subject level there is a clear skewed distribution where some subjects have an overrepresentation of men or women.
Publication points for each employee in teaching, research, and publishing positions 2017-2021
Source: DBH / NSD
– This percentage explains a good part of the gender gap. Publication patterns vary widely at the subject and job level, with professors in particular standing out with high publication numbers, sAksnes and colleagues student an event log in Khrono in March 2022.
In addition, they add, scientific publishing is highly skewed. A small percentage of researchers are very productive, while many publish little. In 2020 they stood up 10% of the most productive researchers A total of 43 percent of the publication points in Norway.
The researchers also state that in the group of high-throughput researchers, women are particularly poorly represented. This is another factor that explains the gender gap one notices. Among “ordinary” researchers, the gender differences in publication are relatively small.
Needs more time to search
Guru Bostrod is Associate Professor of Scandinavian Linguistics at the University of Oslo. She received the results of a survey of NIFU researchers and their research on men and women and the edges of acne.
“When you control for types of jobs and subject areas, a lot of the difference between what women and men offer disappears,” Bastrod says, adding:
Thus, counting edges measured in this way may not be an appropriate measure when examining gender and research output.
“At the same time, counting frontiers give results in the finance system, and they represent visual search.” So men are far more behind visual search than women, despite the fact that women are in the majority, what do you think about that?
– On the one hand, it is the case when you look at the numbers, it is not the case that women are necessarily worse at childbearing. Men are the majority among professors, which is the category that publishes the most, while women form the majority among colleagues, which is the category that publishes the least. A related difference, says Busterud, is that men hold the majority in the positions with the best conditions in the subject areas and have the greatest tradition of high publishing, and these differences are reinforced by the way publishing is measured.
Means Busterud A much bigger challenge than sex is getting enough time to do research.
– We have systems that mean forced labor assignments take much longer than they are prepared with. The math doesn’t add up, and we end up doing research in our spare time, as many surveys show. This applies to all researchers, regardless of gender. Having more time to research and better balancing work tasks is my New Year’s wish, Bastrod says.
Ragnhild Hennum is Chair of the How Committee and Professor of Law at the University of Oslo.
“The relationship between gender and publication points is known,” she tells Khrono, but adds:
– However, there are some sources of error in the figures given by Chrono. Different positions in the university and college sector have different working conditions. Among other things, lecturers have little research time compared to those who have so-called co-functions. So the presenters have less time to post. In all categories of lecturers in our sector there are a majority of women – this means that there are a majority of women in the job categories where there is the least amount of time devoted to research and publication. Hinnum thinks this could affect the numbers.
Takes care of other tasks at work and at home
Having said that, it is not unheard of for the university and college sector that women in general publish less than men, or in other words, that there are somewhat fewer points of publication “produced” by women than men, says Hinnum, and continues:
– There could be many explanations. Women in our sector may be doing many other tasks than providing publishing credits. It may also be that women are more concerned with caretaking tasks in the home than men, so that there is less free time for research and publication.
Some of the surveys that have been done may indicate that these differences are reinforced during corona, Heinum says, and mentions the Swedish Research Society survey here.
It may also be because men participate more actively in the research environment and are therefore more often posted with others. It may also be that women, for reasons not mentioned above, post less. This means that the employer should have different measures in place for academic staff that give them the opportunity to publish, Hennum says and concludes:
It is important that everyone who has research to report, regardless of gender, age, or other characteristics, publishes.
We need more studies
Marte CW Solheim is Professor at the University of Stavanger and Vice-Chairman of the Academy for Younger Researchers. Similar to Hennum and Busterud, she believes that count edge numbers and gender differences should be interpreted with caution.
Solheim points out Results of the NIFU researchers.
“Comparing the publishing numbers for men and women is a bit like comparing apples and oranges,” Solheim says.
She also reported that NIFU researchers found significantly fewer differences when they compared men and women in the same type of job and the same field of study.
“They claim that women don’t have a ‘problem with publishing,’ but we have to look and take into account different publishing practices and different academic positions,” Solheim says.
As I mentioned Study published in nature Earlier this year the researchers also discussed unacknowledged contributions.
In a study that looked at data from 83 countries and 1.5 million research jobs, they explained the differences in productivity that appear in census numbers by the fact that Women, on average, have shorter careers. And that women and men are very equal as long as women are in the research world.
When asked what needs to be done, Solheim replied that she believes there is a need for more such studies as she explains here, which have systematic approaches to researching gender differences in science.
– Then I think, among other things, of the gender differences that exist horizontally and vertically, that take into account “super-producers”, career paths and the recognition of women’s contributions. An Icelandic study indicates that women also take more of it “Academic Homework” It was also interesting to study in more detail what this looks like over time and adjust for different measures of equality, says Solheim.
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