February 4, 2023

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Nature Summit: Aims to protect a third of the planet

Nature Summit: Aims to protect a third of the planet

Optimist: Espen Barth Eide is satisfied with the draft agreement presented at the Nature Summit in Montreal, but he has a long night ahead of him.

Climate and Environment Minister Espen Barth Eide calls the draft agreement the Paris Agreement for Nature. If he gets what he wants, the deal could be ratified on Monday night.

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196 countries gathered for talks at the Nature Summit in Montreal, Canada. Here, delegations will adopt a framework for global biodiversity.

Late Sunday evening, the countries discussed the draft agreement presented by the president the previous day. Overall, Environment and Climate Change Minister Espen Barth Eide is satisfied with the plan.

– I gave a speech that was well presented. The key here is not to make the good the enemy of the good, he tells VG, and explains that while some of the proposals veer in different directions, there is a lot to agree on.

If all goes according to plan, a plenary meeting will be held on Sunday evening, where countries will vote on the final deal. The Climate and Environment Minister believes that an agreement on what has been put forward so far would be a big step in the right direction.

– I believe that what is being proposed by the President is the Paris Agreement for Nature.

– It is clear 30-30 target30-30 targetProtect 30 percent of Earth’s land and water areas by 2030. , restoration of nature, reversal of degradation of nature. Barth Eide says that we clearly have a text about nature’s gene bank that is both financial and solid.

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Nature conservation: One of the sectors in the draft agreement is about stopping the degradation of nature like Amazonas forest.

30 percent protection is recommended

China, which will chair the meeting, said on Sunday Draft Agreement.

  • The plan has set a target of $200 billion annually for nature conservation activities.
  • Under this, $20 billion will be provided annually from industrialized countries to support developing countries’ efforts to ensure biodiversity.
  • It supports the so-called “30-30 target”, which aims to protect 30 percent of the Earth’s land and water areas by 2030.
  • It proposes to tax goods made from one genetic richness genetic richness For example a plant or a seed. In a given country, a portion of this amount goes to funds used to protect and restore nature in poor countries.

More than 110 countries, including Canada, the United States and France, have expressed support for the 30-30 target. Reuters.

The UN Nature Panel is among those who have argued that the target is critical to reversing widespread natural destruction.

No country is moving toward this goal, but it still needs to be defined, Barth Ede says.

– As it stands, a wild reindeer area in Hartangervitae will be included in the definition of untouched nature and will be a military buffer zone, he says.

Barth Eade remains optimistic about the deal’s final outcome.

– But I know from experience that it’s not over until it’s over, so there’s some work to be done, Barth Ede says before running back into the conference hall.

Excitement: Climate researcher Björn Samset at Cicero – Center for Climate Research.

I hope this agreement will create awareness about nature

Climate scientist Bjorn Samset believes the Nature Summit will result in a similar outcome to the Paris Agreement adopted at the 2015 Climate Summit.

– We need an agreement on conservation and the use of nature in general. We are overusing nature and we need international awareness that there is a strong link between how we manage nature and how we manage the climate, he tells VG.

It’s easy to agree that nature is important, but the climate scientist says it hurts how much to control national resources or transfer money from some countries to others.

– Exciting to see. I see a lot of movement and Norway is very active.

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